This is because a number of exotic tree pests and diseases have entered the UK in recent decades, such as the fungus Hymenoscyphus fraxineus which causes ash dieback and Phytophthora ramorum, the pathogen known to cause sudden oak death.
Forestry Commission England's Tree Health Team is constantly battling the spread and impact of tree pests and diseases. We joined the team for a packed out event recently in Liverpool (pictured) looking at the current state of tree health and pests and some of the action being taken to reduce threats to trees. You can view all the presentations from the day.
We need people to learn more about tree diseases and the signs and symptoms. You can read about the main tree diseases and pests on the Forestry Commission website.
If you see trees that you suspect are diseased, you can report it to the Forestry Commission's Tree Health Team using the Tree Alert service.
For general enquiries about tree health in relation to trees, woods and forests:
Last week the Mersey Forest Team accompanied officers from the Merseyside and Cheshire Mid-Mersey Flood Coast Erosion Risk Management (FCERM) and Mersey Forest Partnership to visit Howard Street and view the experimental trees. We're working on similar projects within our area and are keen to learn from the Salford experiment.
Pete Stringer from our friends at Manchester's City of Trees and Dr. James Rothwell, University of Manchester, explained how the trees are planted in a specially designed trench that aims to reduce levels of surface water and clean up pollution. The project aims to capture the impact that trees have on both cleaning polluted water from road run-off and managing levels of surface water, which can lead to flooding.
Using specialist equipment, Dr James Rothwell from The University of Manchester has been monitoring the quantity and quality of the road run-off as it enters and leaves the tree trench. The provisional results so far have shown:
The project has been installed thanks to successful partnership collaboration between Manchester City of Trees, the Environment Agency, The University of Manchester, Deep Root, United Utilities, Urban Vision and Salford City Council. There's much more about the Howard Street trees on the City of Trees website.
As part of the Life+ Natural Course project we're working closely with colleagues at the City of Trees and the Rivers Trust to deliver three Urban Catchment Forestry demonstration sites that aim to show how trees and green infrastructure can be used to reduce urban flooding. A demonstration project is currently being developed with partners in St.Helens.
Forest School offers a unique approach to teaching the curriculum and encouraging active play through using the natural environment. Studies have shown that children spend less time playing in nature than in the past – Forest School is one way of addressing that, increasing physical activity and boosting health and wellbeing as well as developing confidence and new skills. The sessions allow children to play, explore and learn about the natural environment and do activities like shelter-building, outdoor cooking, growing plants, using tools and bug-hunting.
During her visit to Sutton Manor Primary School Mrs. Leadsom met pupils from Years 3 - 6 and trainee Forest School leaders Helen Lomas and John Prescott at their weekly Forest School session, toasting on the fire and making log hedgehogs.
Sutton Manor Primary School has been funded by local company NGF Europe, a member of NSG Group. Employees have helped to prepare the woodland for Forest School, worked with the children to extend the school woodland and fund support for Forest School sessions. At recent planting days staff and every child in the school took part in planting over 500 saplings as well as 25 more mature trees – a long term commitment by the school to run Forest School in the grounds.
Just before Christmas, the school woodland saw its first mixed year group of Year 3- 6 children take part in six weeks of Forest School. The children selected to take part were those with identified additional needs such as looked after children, behavioural difficulties, attainment at a lower level than their peers. Children from KS1 are now participating in a six week forest school project and every class has had a taster session of Forest Schools before Christmas.
The work is part of a project by The Mersey Forest which aims to introduce 'Forest School' to urban areas where children often have limited access to green space.
Monica Gladman, Head Teacher said, 'The Forest School sessions have already positively impacted on the children, improving their confidence, and providing a calming environment for learning. The children have learnt to enjoy exploring the outdoors and have been responsible for leading their own learning, working co-operatively as a team and making decisions together. We aim for a forest School approach to be embedded into our curriculum.'
The community tree planting event took place at the Countess of Chester Country Park. The 2,000 native broadleaf trees included English Oak, Beech, Silver Birch, Hornbeam, Downy Birch, and Alder to encourage even more wildlife into the country park.
Local residents also used the occasion to speak out on the importance of trees and woodlands, adding their voices to the call for a new Charter for Trees, Woods and People. The new Charter - backed by 60 organisations and led by the Woodland Trust - aims to highlight the value of trees to all of us at a time when many are under threat from development, climate change, pests and more.
The event was supported by Cheshire West and Chester Council, TCV, the Friends of the Countess of Chester Country Park, the Land Trust and The Mersey Forest. More planting events will be held on the site with local schools and Green Gym volunteers in the coming weeks.
Local ward member, Cllr Matt Bryan, who is a member of The Mersey Forest Steering Group, used his Members' budget to support the project. He commented: "It was a great turn out – well done to all involved!"
If you love the Countess of Chester Country Park and would like to be involved in its future, the next meeting of the Friends of Countess of Chester Country Park will be at The Little Owl on Tuesday 7th March at 7pm.
There are regular events and activities at the park, including Green Gym on Tuesdays and Thursdays at 10am, health, buggy and Nordic walks throughout the week, and Chester parkrun every Saturday at 9am. For more information see our Nature4Health website.
And if you value the trees in your street or your park, if you walk or jog through local woodland, if you've seen your children benefit from contact with trees and nature, please add your voice to the Charter!
The tree planting event will take place at Countess of Chester Country Park on Saturday 21st January. Interested residents should follow the signs to meet the team on site any time between 11am and 3pm on the day to get involved with the planting. Please wear warm waterproof clothes, suitable boots or wellies and bring gloves.
The event is being supported by Cheshire West and Chester Council, TCV, the Friends of the Countess of Chester Country Park, the Land Trust and The Mersey Forest.
Councillor Louise Gittins, Cabinet Member for Communities and Wellbeing said: "We'll be planting a variety of young native broadleaf trees on the site to encourage even more wildlife into the country park. We're keen to see as many residents as possible on the day. It's a great opportunity for people to get involved with an activity which provides a great asset to their local area."
The planting is being supported by Councillor Matt Bryan, who is a member of The Mersey Forest Steering Group using his Members' budget. The project will link in with the ongoing work to deliver The Mersey Forest's vision which aims to 'get more from trees' and make Merseyside and North Cheshire one of the best places to live in the country.
The project will link in with the ongoing work to deliver The Mersey Forest's vision which aims to 'get more from trees' and make Merseyside and North Cheshire one of the best places to live in the country.
Since opening in September 2014, the park has become a thriving natural space for the whole community to enjoy. As well as encouraging health and recreation activities, it has improved existing habitats through tree planting, hedge laying and the creation of a reed bed.
As well as the upcoming planting day, there are opportunities to get involved with the Friends of Countess of Chester Country Park group to help support and care for the park. To find out more, come along to The Little Owl on Tuesday 17th January at 7pm.
There are regular events and activities at the park, including Green Gym on Tuesdays and Thursdays at 10am, health, buggy and Nordic walks throughout the week, and Chester Parkrun every Saturday at 9am. For more information see our Nature4Health page.